A Book of the Graemes


Title Page
Preface (v)
Sketch of Graeme Decent Through the Noble House of Montrose (xvii)
Images to Sketch of Grame Decent
Sketch I Patrick Graeme, 1st Great Baron of Inchbrakie and Aberruthven (1)
Sketch II The Younger Children and Widow of Patrick, the First Great Baron of Inchbrakie (6)
Sketch III Robert Graeme, Archdeacon of Ross, Younger Son of the First Great Baron (10)
Sketch IV George Graeme, 2nd Baron of Inchbrakie (19)
Sketch V Widow and Children of George Graeme (27)
Sketch VI George Graeme, Bishop of Orkney, Retland and Dunblane (35)
Images to Sketch VI
Sketch VII Patrick Graeme, Third Baron of Inchbrakie (66)
Sketch VIII Widow and Younger Children of Patrick Graeme (90)
Images to Sketch VIII
Sketch IX George Graeme, Fourth Baron of Inchbrakie (104)
Images to Sketch IX
Sketch X The Younger Children of George and Marget Keith, his Wife (118)
Sketch XI Patrick V of Inchbrakie 'Black Pate' (134)
Images to Sketch XI
Sketch XII Col Patrick Graeme of the Town Guard and his Family (186)
Images to Sketch XII
Sketch XIII John Graeme, Postmaster General (216)
Sketch XIV James Graeme, Solicitor General (223)
Sketch XV Daughters of Black Pate (230)
Images to Sketch XV
Sketch XVI George Graeme, 6th Baron of Inchbrakie (248)
Sketch XVII Younger Son & Daughters of George Graeme (259)
Sketch XVIII Patrick Graeme, 7th Baron of Inchbrakie (262)
Images to Sketch XVIII
Sketch XIX George Graeme, 8th in-line, son of Patrick (276)
Sketch XX Patrick Graeme, 8th Baron of Inchbrakie (284)
Images to Sketch XX
Sketch XXI Younger Sons and Daughters of the 8th Baron (317)
Images to Sketch XXI
Sketch XXII George Graeme, 9th Baron of Inchbrakie (340)
Sketch XXIII Patrick and Younger Sons and Daughter of George Graeme, 9th of Inchbrakie (360)
Images to Sketch XXIII
Sketch XXIV George Drummond Graeme 10th of Inchbrakie and Patrick Graeme 11th (395)
Images to Sketch XXIV
Sketch XXV The Witch's Relic (406)
Images to Sketch XXV
Sketch XXVI Graemes of Monzie, Pitcairns & Buchlyvie (413)
Sketch XXVII The Graemes of Orchill (432)
Images to Sketch XXVII
Sketch XXVIII The Graemes of Gorthie and Braco (454)
Images to Sketch XXVIII
Sketch XXIX The Graemes of Graemeshall in Orkney (497)
Sketch XXX The House of Graham and Watt of Breckness and Orkney (513)
Sketch XXXI Kathrine Graeme, Daughter of George, Bishop of Dunblane (524)
Sketch XXXII Graemes of Drynie (540)
Images to Sketch XXXII
Sketch XXXIII Graeme of Damside and Graeme of Duchray (547)
Sketch XXXIV The Graemes of Garvock (557)
Sketch XXXV The Graemes of Balgowan (572)
Images to Sketch XXXV
Sketch XXXVI Grames, Greymes, Grahams of Callendar; Aberuthven, Kernock, Kinross Cossington (592)
Sketch XXXVII Grahams of Airth & Graham-Stirling of Strowan (604)
Sketch XXXVIII The Graemes of Fintry, Claverhouse, Duntrune and other Cadets (616)
Images to Sketch XXXVIII
Appendix I
Appendix II
Appendix III
Appendix IV
Appendix V
Appendix VI
Index A
Index B
Index C
Index D, E & F
Index G
Index H
Index I, J, K & L
Index M & N
Index O, P, Q & R
Index S
Index T, U, V, W & Y

Sketch  XXVI




James Graeme of Monzie, was the son of Patrick, Third Baron of Inchbrakie and his second wife, Margaret Scot of Monzie, "Lady Carnock", for Margaret Scot was a widow when Patrick Graeme married her, previous to 1597.  She was the daughter of Patrick Scot of Monzie; he gives confirmation of certain lands in 1554; her first husband had been Patrick Drummond, sixth of Carnock, whose father, Sir Robert Drummond, fifth of Carnock, was famous for being Master and Surveyor of all the King’s works to James V. He married for a second time the Honourable Mary Elphinstone, daughter of the second baron, slain at Pinkie, Patrick Drummond was their eldest son and Sir John the first of Hawthornden their second son; a daughter, Margaret, became Lady Seafield.

Patrick Drummond and his wife, the heiress of Monzie, had Sir Alexander, seventh of Carnock, James and Patrick; their daughter married Pierson of Kippenross. Their grandson married Margaret, daughter of the first Lord Rollo, and their son ended the line of Drummond of Carnock.

Lady Carnock and Patrick Graeme had an only son James, and in 1613 his father buys Monzie from Sir Alexander Drummond (his stepson), with the consent of his elder son George, the future fourth Baron of Inchbrakie, settles it fully on his second son James in 1613.

It must always be borne in mind that the Campbells of Glenurchy owned the quarter land of Monzie, or Ibert lands as they were called previous to this date. It was Sir Duncan Campbell’s son, Sir Archibald (who also bore for a time the designation of Lagvinshoch), who married Katherine, daughter of Marion Rollo, spouse to John Grahame of Balgowan, and he leaves his said spouse in "All and Haill the mains of Lagvinshoch," and "fourt part of Monzie," etc. By 1609 Archibald Campbell and Katherine Grahame have a son Duncan, to whom his grandfather, Sir Duncan of Glenurchy, confirms the lands of the said quarter of Monzie of which the little Duncan’s father (Archibald) is granting him a charter; by 1633 this boy Duncan Campbell marries Ann or Agnes Murray; she was a daughter of the seventh Laird of Ochtertyre by Mary Moray of Abercairny, they were married on February 9th, 1614, and their eldest child Agnes was born at Abercairny on 30th November 1614; she married Duncan Campbell on 7th July 1633, and their children were Colin born in Coige, 3rd November 1635, married Ann Oliphant daughter to Sir Lawrence Oliphant of Gask, and three sons and four daughters.

It will be confusing to carry on the line further; so far it shows the connection in 1666 when Monzie was agin sold, between the disposer and buyer of Monzie; this Colin, the great grandson of George second of Inchbrakie through the distaff, was the purchaser of Monzie from George the second Inchbrakie’s great grandson through the scabbard.

The Campbell’s of Monzie then became owners of a great barony, and for the first time in the Monzie papers Colin’s wife is consequently styled "Lady Monzie".

Margaret Scott owned the three quarter lands of Monzie, and Patrick Graeme of Inchbrakie added other lands to it and erected Monzie and Anchnachrie into the one barony which is granted to young James Graeme their son, on the 26th August 1619.

This James married Marjory Graeme about 1634. She was possibly the daughter of a younger son of David or Mungo Graeme the first and second of Gorthie, her monogram, etc, is found among the carvings on the face of the old Castle of Monzie. James Graeme of Monzie gives her a provision off the lands of Borland in 1634.

James Graeme had three sons, George Graeme, second of Monzie and first of Pitcairns, and James, who buying Buchlyvie from Graham of Fintry, settled and founded a family there; and Ninian. No greater Royalist, except perhaps Black Pate, existed in the Inchbrakie family than James the first Graeme of Monzie; he shared with his half-brother George, the fourth of Inchbrakie, and Black Pate his nephew, a warm admiration for Montrose and gave his life as pledge for it; he fell at the Battle of Philiphaugh, and how impoverished his family were by the raiding of the enemy’s troops is shown in the petition sent up by Black Pate to Charles II. His son is mentioned in the funeral obsequies of the Great Marquis as

"carrying the corslet on the point of a lance, a brave young gentleman whose father fell in His Majesty’s service under the Defunct."

His will, a dative one, is not given up until 1659, 15 years after his death, a common occurrence at this period owing to the troublous state of the country, and states his death occurred in September 1645; it is given up by his son Ninian. What became of Ninian has not been traced.

The will states that value of the house plenishing is given, such at least as was "not plundered and carried away by men at arms! The only silver left was six silver spoons and tua silver cuppies."

In 1634 great alterations seem to have been made at Monzie Castle; this was the period of his marriage to Marjory Graeme. A series of carved stone gables are erected over the windows and many initials and mottoes in Latin are carved also; they are now very worn, but when the photograph was taken were sufficiently shown to be reproduced here. Only part of them are given: the three escallops and roses, a stag lodged with fleur-de-lis above, the Fintry arms in one quarter, a heart in the other. On one of the coats appear a broken wall (granted to Inchbrakie in 1662) and finally the Bishop’s (or the Smythe’s) chess rook! The initials are: J.G; M.G; G.S.M; a motto QUAER – QUEM – COLO. Another which is placed below, the figure of a man dressed in armour, who holds a sheaf of corn in one hand and a book in the other, with initials


I.     G

above, signify that James Graeme, the hero of Philiphaugh was a soldier, scholar and landlord. Underneath the figure are the letters ΟΔΟΙΜΑΙΤΟΙΟΗ.

In the gateway of Monzie Castle there are many interesting stones built in, probably removed from an older building. They bear the arms and letters signifying Scotts and Campbells and McNabs. James Graeme of Buchlyvie ultimately bore the stag "current" on his coat, and "lodged" for his crest.

George Graeme, second of Monzie, succeeded his father in the barony. We find mention of him in various sasines and retours, and in the Charter of Buchlyvie to James Graeme, his brother-german, he is styled George Graeme of Monzie.

A gift of ward and marriage in favour of Mr James Drummond (brother-german to Innermay), he is styled "George eldest lawful son to the deceist" Mr James Graeme of Monzie in 1643.

The Barony of Monzie is disposed of by George in 1666 to his second cousin Colin Campbell. In the same year George Graeme purchases the estate of Pitcairns, near Dunning, and dies just ten years afterwards. There is no mention of any special interest in the will beyond that Annas Rollo, his relict spouse, gives it up in January 1676.

There is a romantic incident about the end of this century which would appear to belong to the daughter of George Graeme of Pitcairns. "A certain Elizabeth Grahame, daughter of George Graeme and young Somervill of Drum" were pursued for clandestine marriage, which sort of marriage had been made illegal by Act of Parliament in 1661.  They probably knew nothing about the new Act, and as some sort of opposition had been shown to the match, they took the law into their own hands in 1671 and were married.  On June 29th retribution falls on them and they are had up before the Secret Council, and the bridegroom was not only fined œ500, but was committed to prison for three months. Sir John Lauder, in his anniversary volume, "Historical Notices of Scotch Affairs," alludes to the matter.

In Elizabeth's will, dated 1692, she is styled "Elizabeth Graham relict of the deceist James Somerville, younger of Drum."  Her father-in-law, James Somerville, "elder" of Drum, proves her will as one of her principal creditors, having obtained a decree before the Counsel of Edinburgh against George Graham, merchant there in 1685, and James Somerville, her husband, nearest of kin to the now "deceist" lady.

It is proved by the will that at the time of her death she was in possession of the "House of Drom," all the plenishing and furniture of which was her own, besides various sums of money which were owed to her.

Her father-in-law was in reality the eleventh Lord Somerville, of very ancient lineage, his ancestor having come over with William the Conqueror.

The Hon. Hugh Somerville, ninth peer, never assumed the title.  He was brother of Gilbert, eighth peer, who dissipated the family estates, and his Castle of Cowthaly was jocularly called "Cowdaily" by James VI., who, when entertained there, saw a cow and ten sheep killed daily!

The seventh peer was aware of his son's extravagance, and left what property he could to his second son Hugh, including the lands of Drum, Gilmerton and Gutters, but at the death of his brother Gilbert, who had no male heir to succeed, scarcely any money was left to support the lands and title, and so it was unassumed by the ninth and tenth peers.  The latter was the father of Elizabeth Graham's husband, her imprisoned bridegroom, and their son resumed the title, which was confirmed by Parliament in 1723.

Elizabeth Graeme's husband was a man of some literary attainments and author of "The Lives of the Somervilles." The title fell into abeyance in 1870.  When the old Cross of Edinburgh was pulled down in 1756 as obstructing the High Street, the middle pillar was taken to the policy of Drum where it is still preserved.

Drum lies four miles east of Edinburgh on the road leading to Dalkeith.

The first George Graeme spelt his name with the diphthong in the minutes of sasines which bear his own writing.

In 1776 Annas Rollo his widow obtains sasine in the Mains and Milne of Pitcairns and lands called Holl and Steilland, and George her son is retoured to his father George as second of Pitcairns, his signature also is Graeme, he acquires from the Rutherfords, lands called Wester Gatterclays and Borromoore.

The incident of George with Rollo troop has been given in Sketch XVIII.

George Graeme of Pitcairns married his third cousin Margaret daughter of George Graeme, sixth of Inchbrakie. A family bible presented to Henry Sullivan Graeme by his sincerely "attached and affectionate cousin James Gillespie Graham, 25th December 1845," gives an interesting record of the following events:-

"The fourth day of June 1693, George Graeme and Margaret Graeme were married and shoe brought furth a sone the twentie first day of November 1694 and was baptized George the 28 of that instant and dyed the 6th March 1696.

"And the 8th of April 1696 shoe brought furth a daughter who was baptized Margaret and dyed the 9th of June 1696.

"And again shoe brought furth an other sone the 12th June 1697 about 4.0’clock and was baptized James the afternoone who dyed in October, year after.

"And again shoe brought furth a sone the ninteent of August 1698 about 4.0’clock in the morning who was baptized David.

"Again shoe brought furth a sone the twentie fift of August 1700 between one and tua in the afternoon who was baptized Patrick.

"And shoe brought furth a daughter the twelt of April 1702 about six att night who was baptized Mary the fourteen of the said month.

"And shoe brought furth ane other daughter the twentie day of August 1705 about nine 0’clock att night baptized Jeanet by Mr John Graeme minister of Matterdie the 23 day of ty month."

This rather breathless record which would have satisfied most people is followed by a charter under the Great Seal, 1707, to David his son of the Barony of Pitcairns, in which George Graeme carefully provides that should he marry a second time he reserves the power to endow a second wife with 4000 merks and her children with 2000 merks apiece!

However with the Inchbrakie papers lies a document proving that George predeceased his wife. David is under age and so with consent of his mother signs a receipt for 4000 merks, which Thomas Graeme of Balgowan pays him.

This 4000 merks had been lent by the deceased George Graeme of Pitcairns to Patrick Graeme of Inchbrakie in 1708 (this was Patrick Graeme of the Rollo fray and who was supposed to be an outlaw at this period); Thomas Graeme relieves his widow and David by paying them the ready money for Inchbrakie.

Margaret Graeme, the widow, signs the receipt at Edinburgh on the 19th August 1718, witnessed by Mr James Graeme, Writer, and by Patrick Graeme, second lawful son to the deceased George Graeme of Pitcairns; David on the other hand witnesses it at Balgowan on 29th September, where it is witnessed by William Cunningham of Coull, the Inchbrakie factor.

Rather a sad repetition of these births and deaths in the Orchill Bible took place about 90 years later when William, the grandson of George Graeme again marries a Miss Graeme of Inchbrakie and the babies come and go much in the same way.

We have now reached





He became a lawyer; the story of his life is found under the sketch of Orchill Graemes (XXVII); he married the heiress of Orchill in 1730 when 32 years of age. He became of Orchill after his first wife’s death when their infant son died in 1736; he married twice again and left two sons to carry on the line.

He was a good man of business and succeeded Mungo Graeme of Gorthie as chamberlain to the Duke of Montrose his chief, and lived at Stuckentagart on Loch Lomond, leaving Orchill to be occupied by an uncle of the Laird of Inchbrakie, who apparently rented it; David Graeme kept Pitcairns as well as Orchill in his possession; he was a firm friend with his cousin of Inchbrakie and with Oliphant of Condie to the Jacobite Laird of Gask, and was organizer of the scheme with his sister-in-law (Amelia Nairne) the Lady of Gask, for the Great Gask Trust, when the estate was bought in for his brother-in-law.

The lands of Pitcairns were sold by the Graemes to Mr J. Pitcairns at the end of the eighteenth century and his son sold them to Lord Rollo in 1847.






We will now return to James Graeme, the first of Monzie, who married in 1634, when the carved coats were put on his castle of Monzie, full particulars of these and of his possession of the estate are found on the preceding pages. He was slain at Philiphaugh, and Monzie passed to his eldest son George, who sold it in 1666 and bought Pitcairns; probably a good deal of money had to be put down for the second son’s portion and George obtained it by the sale of Monzie, and had sufficient left to settle him comfortably at the estate of Pitcairns. The inventory of Monzie already alluded to leaves no doubt as to the marriage of James Graeme in 1634 with Marjory Graeme; the writer believes her to be the daughter of James Graeme fifth son of Bishop George Graeme of Dunblane and Orkney, and Mary Hart his wife, but time has failed for the research.

James Graeme the first of Bucklyvie bought those lands from David Graham seventh of Fintry who sold them with the consent of John and James his sons, the latter (James) was the son of Fintry who was present at the funeral of the Great Marquis, bearing his arms in mourning.

In 1661 a retour shows James Graeme to be lawful son of his father James Graeme of Monzie; it is dated November 28th, 1661.

By the kindness of Lord Ruthven I was allowed to see several letters and documents he possessed of the Bucklyvie Graemes; amongst them is the original charter from "David of Fintries," and his two sons. The charter is given under the Great Seal from Charles II, John, Count of Rothes, Commissioner and Treasurer, and William Wallenden de Burghdam, Treasurer-Depute. The "Lands of Bochlyvie, Grahame and Milntown, the lands of Garro and Gilboyand lands of Walmenoch with those of the Land of Bochlyvie are granted by David of Ffintrie, John Grantham, feor of Ffintrie and James Graham de Monergund his sons to James Grahame, brother Germane of George Grahame of Monzie and Isobello Wallace his spouse, daughter of James Wallace of Wardram," and the charter confers these lands as a barony on the lawful heirs of the said James Graham and Isobel Wallace dated 8th February 1666 and registered in 1667.

There is in 1670 the ratification of certain lands to Sir John Cunningham of Caldwell of which Graeme of Bucklyvie retains superiority. A registration or sasine in 1673 shows us that James Graeme and his wife Isobel have now a son John, to whom sasine is granted, and failing heirs male of this child and his father they are to go to Ninian Graeme, brother-german to Graeme of Bucklyvie; this (with the previous charter) proves that George of Monzie and Pitcairns, James of Bucklyvie and Ninian are all brothers-german; that is the sons of a father and one wife.

In 1673 Sir Charles Erskine visits Bucklyvie and grants him arms, blazoning them thus:-

"The said James of Ballchlavie for his achievement ensigne armorial Bears Or a stag current betwixt three roses, gules or a chief sable three escallops of the first, above the shield a helmet befitting his degree mantled gules doubled argent next is placed on an torse for his crest a stag lodged as the former and for his motto in ane scroll above the Crest Cubo at excubo."

In the first portion of the document he is designated as descended of Inchbrakie (he was grandson of Patrick the third laird).

In 1690 James Graeme is a Commissioner for Stirling, and in 1703 is again a Commissioner and in Parliament; he dessents to the Act of Security with the Marquis of Montrose and others, he also joins with the Marquis of Tweeddale and many others that year in protesting against the importation of foreign wines as being "dishonorable to Her Majesty and inconsistent with the grand alliance in which she is engaged and to the honor of trade in the Kingdom."

James Graeme is Commission in 1704, 1705, and 1706, and in 1705 joins with Atholl in protesting against an Act of Treaty with England. He was a man of great activity and took part in every action of the day to keep men and matters within, what he considered, their limit. In 1706 he protests with the Earl of Errol against the Foot Guards being brought in by the Privy Council to guard the town of Edinburgh as against the Earl’s office of Lord High Commissioner, which gave him alone the privilege of guarding Parliament.

It is somewhat difficult to distinguish when each James in succession becomes of Bucklyvie, but it would be only natural to suppose that the sasine we next find in 1720 refers to his son. The John mentioned as son to Isobel Wallace and the first James in the sasine of 1673 did not live, it is presumed, to succeed; besides John, he had James, and Hugh and William, and a daughter Jean given sasine of lands according to her marriage contract by David Dickson of Kirk of Mure in 1677.

In 1720 a Charter of Resignation by Alexander Leckie to James of Bucklyvie of the land of Dashers (over and middle and nether) in the Barony of Garden in liferent of Jane Wordie, relict of Mr William Leckie of Dashers, states, James elder of Bucklyvie reserves the right to wadset these lands without his son James Graeme of Leckie’s consent. James "elder" must be James second of Bucklyvie; he adopted the legal profession and was an advocate, and when the lawyers in Edinburgh raised a corps for the King’s service, James Graeme joins it as an ensign in 1679. This was the period when for the second time the Kingdom was rent between the claims of the Churchman and the protestant, and when Claverhouse took the lead for the King, as Montrose had done forty years before. James of Bucklyvie receives remission in 1717 and a hugh seal seven inches in diameter is appended to the document, which is countersigned by an Andrew Graeme.

He married the Honourable Elizabeth Ruthven, or as she is styled in that retour of 10 July 1715, "Mrs Elizabeth Ruthven, spouse to James Graeme of Bucklyvie," and had a son James, on whom he has settled the lands of Leckie, and this child, in the sasine of 1720 is alluded to as James Graeme of Leckie.

In 1721 he obtains sasine of Wester Livelands in Parish of St Ninians.  In 1724 Mr James Graeme is admitted to the Royal Company of Archers. 

His wife, the Honble. Elizabeth Ruthven, was the daughter of Isobel Baroness Ruthven in her own right by her husband Colonel James Johnston of Graitney, who signed himself "Ruthven"; and the sister of James, third Lord Ruthven, between whom and Hugh Graeme (the brother of James of Bucklyvie) there was a strong bond of attachment; Hugh, a writer in Edinburgh, is endeavouring to advise James, Master of Ruthven, against the judgment of his father, James Johnston, his mother's husband. The latter writes:

To Mr Hugh Graham,
Writer in Edinburgh,
August ye 28th, 1732.

Dr Sr

I had yours of the 19th Inst this day and by ye same post I had one from my Sone dated ye 3rd Instt where it he-ss been I cant Imagon, I have a strong fancy you have been togither when he wrot and is of your Dircion.

The very same expressons you maid use of Ceutly by way of Excouse for his not sending money and not one word about Novr.  I Incloss my answer for your perusall, and efter seel and deliver and then you'll be more ablle to Judge of peopell; Im genrally above board and I must tell you I'm too old a bird to be catch by Chaffe; if he dont do better than hith-er too I'll turn to the Gentills, as Is said, be the conciquence what it will I should expostulate with you. Pray what have you been telling me all this time ar you aney nearer th-en you were months agoe.  I'm affra-id you'll find more deficculties than you Imajoned.  you said I remember that he had the Ball at his foot Doctors you know differs att times, however you upon Earth or In the Earth can dissposs of aney thing thats mine without my consent.  Your friend is lifted up, they rie-d fast and siker river fell, as we say-  I refer what I have further to say till I hear from you and in the meantime I remain

Faithfully yours
Ja Ruthven.

By February 9th, 1739, "The Master" has succeeded as Lord Ruthven and writes to "Dear Hugh" in a very different style; he is much obliged for the attention Hugh Graeme has shown about his wishes on various matters and expects the pleasure of seeing him "at ffreeland" soon until which time"I?m dear Hugh Yours & Ruthven."

In August, however, of the same year Hugh is not in such favour!  Lord Ruthven hoped certain business matters would have been arranged, but matters have not progressed as the Ruthvens would wish?the letter is excellently written, and the writer is Anne, second wife of James the third Lord Ruthven and daughter to the second Earl of Bute; once or twice she is rather hard on Hugh Graeme, but at the end of a very long and business-like letter takes a more ingratiating tone:

To Mr Hugh Graeme
Writer in Edr.


The bad situation of my Lord's affairs has really put him so much out of humour, it's impossible for him to write, and rather as miss this opportunity I offered to be his scribe and undertook to represent to you the genuine situation of all matters here... .

For my own part I am far from thinking I have depth of judgement enough to pretend to give an advice in matters of this nature, but I asks those who makes it their business, if there's nothing can be done . . . and it requires both prudence, care and temper, but sure when they're in such good hands as Kilgraston's and Mr Graeme's with full power to take what methods they please to set them sure in a right footing... .

So what I'd earnestly beg Mr Graeme to do, is to consider the best way, to put my Lord's affairs soonest to rights, lay the scheme before him and if he does not go into it, or's delitory in declaring his mind, then I give you leave to blame him . . . and who knows what may happen perhaps some piece of unexpected good fortune attend us.

Flattering hopes incourage me to live and tells me fate will kinder minutes give, that the dark Treasury of time contains a glorious day will finish all our pains.

My Lord was lately looking over Chassels account where he finds many things wrong charged; having I daresay tired you with so long an epistle I shall only add my kind compliments and best wishes to all your family and hasten to subscribe myself Mr Graeme's Affec. Cousin & humble servant,

A. Ruthven.
Aug. 1, 1739.
P.S.  Little Nancy is by me, who kisses her hand to you.

By May 20th, 1746, the Ruthvens know Hugh Graeme is their true friend and doing all in his power to assist them in certain difficult positions, and Lord Ruthven concludes his letter of that date, "I know I need say no more to you on that subject but that I am no doubt, my dear Hugh, your own J. R"

There are several papers in the Bucklyvie box about a "Clog bag" which has been stolen in 1739 from a carrier named Thompson; Hugh Graeme is assisting to bring the thief to justice.  A letter on the subject is addressed to him at "Bucklivie's Lodgings near the founton Well, Edinburgh," desiring that the "Cloak bag" be sent and the carrier to confront Margaret Hamilton and a girl who have been "apprehendit."

The list of the contents is:

3 yards white teming.  
1/2  oz. Red Silk.
1/2  oz. Black silk.
2 papers pins.
1 Child's bongrass.
1 paper patches.
2 Ells Flannel
1 1/4 yards dark stamped cloth.
1 Glass for sweet meats.
A quarter hunder needles address to Lady Ruthven.

A large Indian silk Napkin red Ground.
A pair of Gloves marked Betty Steuart.
A handfull fine tea all in a bundle addressed to Mrs Steuart.
A large Clog bag of Mrs Henry Rollo's contained 2 lbs. of fine tea and a quarter of sugar.

Amongst Hugh Graeme's many correspondents was Lord Perth; an autograph letter from that nobleman is dated "Drummond, 6th Jully 1739," there is on the wrapper the post-mark CRIEFF.

Lord Perth regrets that he is not to see Hugh Graeme at Drummond, the latter has asked Lord Perth to do him a service, but owing to the Duchess of Gordon being "so much out of his Grace's affairs" when Lord Perth left Edinburgh, he knows it is useless to apply for her influence; however, a journey to Scotland by the Duke may have produced a change, and as Lord Perth is going up to town next month at the time of the Leith races "he will see what can be done; his Lordship avers himself as wishing to do all in his power in "that or any other way" to show "you the regard with which I am, Dear Sir, "Your sincere friend and most
"obt. humble Servant,

In 1740 William Cunningham who is only son and heir of John Cunningham of Enterkin has been ordered on foreign service to the West Indies and he determines to appoint a factor and attorney to conduct all business that may be necessary during his absence, especially that consequent on the deaths, should they occur, of Lady Enterkin, his grand-mother, or John Cunningham his father, he therefore appoints Hugh Graeme to act for him with the concurrence in all things of three friends whom he names as Sir James Johnstone of Westerhall, Baronet, Captain William Graeme of the Honble. General Colyear's regiment (a brother of Hugh Graeme), afterwards General to the Venetian forces, and George Middleton of Seaton, Esq.

The document is signed by William Cunningham and witnessed in London 1740 the18th July before William Rye of New Bond Street near Hanover Square in the liberties of Westminster, Fishmonger;  Robert Dalrymple, Writer of it; and Robert Dalrymple, Surgeon; son of the deceased Sir Robert Dalrymple of Castleton; and we wonder if the young fellow in London with his couple of Scotch friends, and lodging no doubt at the great fishmonger's in Bond Street, was spared to come home again and attend to his own affairs!

We must return to James Graeme, Hugh’s eldest brother, the husband of Elizabeth Ruthven. His name appears as Commission for James, Duke of Montrose in 1729; he seems to have been a lover of books for in 1750 there was in his possession an edition of Horace (English translation with Latin text) bearing his bookplate, the date on the latter being 1715.

In 1753 James of Bucklyvie appears to have sold his estates; the first part when in 1737 to his "brother-german Hugh Graeme;" the last portion in 1753 to his "brother germane Major General Wilheim Graeme," to whom Hugh Graeme sold his potion at the same date when a Charter of Resignation under the Great Seal is given to Major-General William Graeme of the Forces of the Estates of Holland. In 1761 the place of one of the four Commissaries of Edinburgh being vacant by decease of Mr Robert Clark, "We George, King of, etc.etc., being well satisfied with the Loyalty Literature, etc. of Mr James Graeme appoints him to fill the vacancy during his life."

A year or two before his death he is the executor dative and creditor to the will of a Hugh Graeme, Esq., a naval officer at Guadaloupe, who died abroad 176-; he owed James Graeme of Bucklyvie 1775 pounds; the will does not allude to any relationship, but Hugh was probably a nephew.

His son, James Graeme, died a bachelor in Edinburgh in 1771, (while holding the appointment of one of the Commissaries of Edinburgh) on November 18th. This James Graeme would have been third of Bucklyvie, had not the estates been sold to his uncles Hugh and Gen. William; he was called at one time during his father’s life, Graeme of Leckie.

We now revert to his uncle, William, who became possessed of the family estates in 1753; he has been already mentioned as an officer in the service of the estates of Holland which was commonly called the Dutch Brigade; we give his letter to his brother Hugh Graeme while in that service; afterwards he rose to great distinction and was made Commander-in-Chief of the Venetian forces; the first is addressed to

Mr Hugh Graeme,
Writter in Edinburgh.

Dr. Hugh,
I wrote to you some time before leaving the Hague and always expected some answer from Entriken, his Sons affairs become Dayly more and more troublesome to me his creditors being very importunate and I am sure it would vex poor Cunningham to the heart if they knew how they have vexed both him and me.  I shall send you over his factory either by hay or Enseigen Home in case of accedents.  John Alex who served me upon the Rhein and in Hungary is the man I am to make the additional Sergt in my Compane, he is to make 5 or 6 men for the Regt and has some business in which you may assist him with Castelcary, be so good likewise as to seal and cause deliver the inclosed, the man is a grenadier in my compaine and a sensible fellow and therefore wish you would have an eye over his agents that the poor man may not be cheated.  We talk here of a third augmentation and a promotion of General Officers, which perhaps may furnish my masters with an opportunity of doing something for me I am persuaded I do not want their good will.  John Mclarer (?) bring you this it was his own fault he is not now Sergt for he choused to be Capts arms in hand rather than wait for the first Sergts Halbert, but he shall be sure of the next that falls in my compaine.  I am persuaded this action in Silesia will be a spur to every body concerned on either side.  pray let me hear from you as soon as this comes to hand.  I had a letter from Cunningham upon the Death of poor Lord Kathcart adieu I ever am
Dearest Hugh,
most faithfully yours,
Wlm Graeme.
Namur, 22 April 1741.

It is sealed with a well cut impression of the Bucklyvie coat and bears no post-mark.

The second letter is dated also from Namur.  Captain Graeme is very much inconvenienced by the disinclination or inability of the father of young Cunningham to pay his son's debts, and uses a quaint old Scotch expression to show the poor opinion he holds of the father! It appears young Cunningham is dead or has not returned from the West Indies, and Hugh Graeme is still acting for him. This letter is also sealed with the Bucklyvie coat but bears the post-mark NAMUR:

Dr. Hugh,

I have been absolutely in a hurrie this month being charged from the Hague to give them an account of the least frenchman that started here about.  So that I have been more among the french. then here they are not above 36,000 men and 90 pieces of small Cannon and when joynd by the troops of Munster and Palatin wont be above 96,000.

I do not believe they will venture farther than Dufectorp (?) this year, if they do prince William of Hesse will meet them on the frontiers of Hanover with upwards of 90,000 which will be sufficient to defend the entry into that country, you may be sure that nothing but want of money hinders me to be with him, it will be still a greater Disapointment if that want hinders me from being at the Hague this winter it will be a very critical one I believe they seem prodigeously ambarased but I dar say nether the province of holland nor Zeland will ever consent to the neutrality proposed by France but when the winter comes on it is more than probable that we may have an augmentation of 20 or 25 thousand men more land forcises and 20 men of war therefore, Dear Hugh, do what you can to make me touch that money of Cuningham's (which is a terrible load on me here) as soon as possible, tho' the father be a worthless Dod it is a shame for Sir James Johnston not to do something in it.  I have had thanks from both the grand pensionary and Lord Hartington from the prompt intelligence I gave and would not miss the opportunity of beating the Iron while it is hot, but pray let this remain twixt you and I only I ever am in the sincerest manner, Dear Hugh,

Ever yours,
Wm Graeme.
Namur, 18th 7ber 1741.

The attention of his superiors is drawn to him by his increasing efficiency. (General William Graeme)

By 1753 money matters have much improved with him, he owns, as we have read, the lands of Bucklyvie, which he had bought from his brother James, and then Hugh, and in 1756 we read in the Scots magazine-

"General Graeme a Scotsman and (brother to Mr Graeme of Bucklyvie) lately appointed Commander of the land-forces of Venice is inspecting the military establishment there, in order to put the troops of the republic on a more regular footing, and to introduce the best method of discipline adopted by other powers."

So well did General Graeme accomplish his duties that when he died twelve years later the Venetian Republic sent a vote of thanks to his family, and ordered his bust to be placed in the Arsenal.

The day succeeding his death, which occurred on the 12th January 1767, Sir J. Wright, his Britannic Majesty’s resident and the rest of the English gentlemen in Venice attended his funeral in order to show their admiration and respect for their fellow-countryman. Thus Inchbrakie can add another leaf to the laurel wreath of memory for its brave and gallant sons.

With regard to the spelling of the Bucklyvie Graemes, I have spelt the name with the ae as it is given in all private documents, such as letters of signatures of the family; almost without exception every public document and sasine spells it with the h; Monzie, Pitcairns and Orchill equally use the diphthong, but every clerk or writer spells it Graham!


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