A Book of the Graemes


Title Page
Preface (v)
Sketch of Graeme Decent Through the Noble House of Montrose (xvii)
Images to Sketch of Grame Decent
Sketch I Patrick Graeme, 1st Great Baron of Inchbrakie and Aberruthven (1)
Sketch II The Younger Children and Widow of Patrick, the First Great Baron of Inchbrakie (6)
Sketch III Robert Graeme, Archdeacon of Ross, Younger Son of the First Great Baron (10)
Sketch IV George Graeme, 2nd Baron of Inchbrakie (19)
Sketch V Widow and Children of George Graeme (27)
Sketch VI George Graeme, Bishop of Orkney, Retland and Dunblane (35)
Images to Sketch VI
Sketch VII Patrick Graeme, Third Baron of Inchbrakie (66)
Sketch VIII Widow and Younger Children of Patrick Graeme (90)
Images to Sketch VIII
Sketch IX George Graeme, Fourth Baron of Inchbrakie (104)
Images to Sketch IX
Sketch X The Younger Children of George and Marget Keith, his Wife (118)
Sketch XI Patrick V of Inchbrakie 'Black Pate' (134)
Images to Sketch XI
Sketch XII Col Patrick Graeme of the Town Guard and his Family (186)
Images to Sketch XII
Sketch XIII John Graeme, Postmaster General (216)
Sketch XIV James Graeme, Solicitor General (223)
Sketch XV Daughters of Black Pate (230)
Images to Sketch XV
Sketch XVI George Graeme, 6th Baron of Inchbrakie (248)
Sketch XVII Younger Son & Daughters of George Graeme (259)
Sketch XVIII Patrick Graeme, 7th Baron of Inchbrakie (262)
Images to Sketch XVIII
Sketch XIX George Graeme, 8th in-line, son of Patrick (276)
Sketch XX Patrick Graeme, 8th Baron of Inchbrakie (284)
Images to Sketch XX
Sketch XXI Younger Sons and Daughters of the 8th Baron (317)
Images to Sketch XXI
Sketch XXII George Graeme, 9th Baron of Inchbrakie (340)
Sketch XXIII Patrick and Younger Sons and Daughter of George Graeme, 9th of Inchbrakie (360)
Images to Sketch XXIII
Sketch XXIV George Drummond Graeme 10th of Inchbrakie and Patrick Graeme 11th (395)
Images to Sketch XXIV
Sketch XXV The Witch's Relic (406)
Images to Sketch XXV
Sketch XXVI Graemes of Monzie, Pitcairns & Buchlyvie (413)
Sketch XXVII The Graemes of Orchill (432)
Images to Sketch XXVII
Sketch XXVIII The Graemes of Gorthie and Braco (454)
Images to Sketch XXVIII
Sketch XXIX The Graemes of Graemeshall in Orkney (497)
Sketch XXX The House of Graham and Watt of Breckness and Orkney (513)
Sketch XXXI Kathrine Graeme, Daughter of George, Bishop of Dunblane (524)
Sketch XXXII Graemes of Drynie (540)
Images to Sketch XXXII
Sketch XXXIII Graeme of Damside and Graeme of Duchray (547)
Sketch XXXIV The Graemes of Garvock (557)
Sketch XXXV The Graemes of Balgowan (572)
Images to Sketch XXXV
Sketch XXXVI Grames, Greymes, Grahams of Callendar; Aberuthven, Kernock, Kinross Cossington (592)
Sketch XXXVII Grahams of Airth & Graham-Stirling of Strowan (604)
Sketch XXXVIII The Graemes of Fintry, Claverhouse, Duntrune and other Cadets (616)
Images to Sketch XXXVIII
Appendix I
Appendix II
Appendix III
Appendix IV
Appendix V
Appendix VI
Index A
Index B
Index C
Index D, E & F
Index G
Index H
Index I, J, K & L
Index M & N
Index O, P, Q & R
Index S
Index T, U, V, W & Y

Sketch XXIX

The Graemes of Graemeshall in Orkney,

descended from the House of Montrose founded by Patrick, the second son of George Graeme, Bishop of Dunblane and of Orkney and Zetland;  Cadet of the House of Inchbrakie

PATRICK GRAEME, or Graham, was the second son of the Bishop (whose life is related in Sketch VI. of this volume) and of Marion Crichton of Eliock his wife.  The Bishop of Dunblane and Orkney in his earlier wills or inventories endows him with from 4000 to 6000 merks, placing that sum for administration during Patrick's minority in the hands of his cousin, the Laird of Duncrub; "himself" (Patrick), the Bishop gives to the care of the Graemes of Balgowan, father and son: "Scotts fastie" states that Patrick was educated, like his father, at the University of St Andrews; the degree of M.A. was taken in 1630, when he signed himself as was usual "Maister Patrick."

His father, with other qualities, combined that of a strict educationalist, and Patrick Graeme was obliged to "exercise and preach publickly without any private trial."  It must have been a great test, but the young man came well through it, and in 1633 we find him established as minister of Paplay and Holm in Orkney; this was the year his mother died, and by 1638 his father, the Bishop, had been deposed;  it has been sometimes attributed to Mr Patrick's influence that the Bishop wrote his submission to the General Assembly.  Owing to the state of the Bishop's health, Patrick conveyed it to Glasgow, and laid it before the Moderator; it was accepted, and saved Patrick many of the miseries that fell on those that withstood the Assembly.

Patrick remained a staunch Presbyterian and held all the lands of Rothiesholme, etc., which were held under the superiority of the Bishops of Orkney, as other lands were under the Earldom.

The Bishop appears to have afterwards resided with his son at Holme; from thence is dated a letter to his son-in-law George Drummond of Blair, the original of which is preserved among Wodrow's MSS. in the possession of the Church of Scotland.

Patrick of Rothiesholme was holding a living or manse at Asquoy in 1644, for on the 7th January the Presbytery ordain him to obtain from "his successor of such sums of money as he was payed or shall pay for reparation of the mansion house of Asquoy, and for some necessar timber work, and plenishing to the relict or executor of his predecessor as that decreet beares."

Patrick Graeme is heir to his youngest brother Mungo in 1645; this Mungo was the Bishop's youngest son, and must have died unmarried.  "Maister Patrick Grahame, minister of the word of God at the church of Holme, heir of Mungo Grahame his brother.?

The appointments as Commissioner, etc. continue from time to time up to 1663.  One record states he was deposed in 1649; however, in 1661 we find him a Commissioner for Orkney as Maister Patrick Grahame, but in 1663 he is styled of Rothiesholme when reappointed, which lands he had possessed previous to his marriage.  His first wife was Annas Stewart of Mains;  there is granted on 8th February 1638, a charter by Patrick Grahame of Rothiesholme second lawfull son to George Grahame, Bishop of Orkney and Zetland, in terms of a contract of marriage between them on the one side, and William Stewart of Mains and Anna Stewart his second lawfull daughter on the other;  Anna is endowed with the thirty-six penny land of Rothisholm of old called Bishops land with "the heid lying in our ladie parochin within the isle of Stronsay in Orkney with the offices of baillerie on these lands; also the three halfpenny land in the town of Rothiesholm with the towmales belonging called the Sanct Salvatoriris Chaplanrie, situate within the Cathedral Kirk of Orkney"; also to the two penny land "pertaining of old to the prebendarie of Sanct Katherine, etc., etc." to be held in feu farm dated Kirkwall, signed by Patrick and his father the Bishop, witnessed by Patrick Smythe of Braco and his brother Andrew Smythe, with others.

Feb. 24th, 1638, Instrument of Sasine in favor of Anna Stewart in the lands of Rothiesholme and others;  sasine given by Oliver Rowsay as bailie to Patrick Smythe of Braco for Grantee.

By April 1657 their son and heir James is born and Patrick grants to him the lands of Rothiesholme, and others fully described in the charter of 1638 under reversion of the sum of 8000 Scots, dated Burray, 23rd April;  witness, Patrick Blair of Little Blair, Sheriff of Orkney.

Sasine on this follows 23rd June 1657; meantime in the month of March Anna his wife has died (probably on the birth of James), this is proved by her will which follows and mentions six daughters but no son.

"Testament dative of the deceased Annes Stewart, spouse to Mr Patrick Grahame of Rothisholme, who died in March 1657, given up by the said Mr Patrick in behalf of Barbara, Margaret, Catherine, Jean, Annes and Cristiane Grahame, lawful daughters to them and executors dative 1665.

"Their estate at their house of Frinwell in Holme and in stock and sown seed on the lands amounts to 2917, 13s. 4d, and there was due to them 642.  Among debts due by them was l00 for the defunct's funeral; and Margaret Sinclair now spouse to the said Mr Patrick 666, 13s. 4d; to Mr George Grahame minister, 400; to George Graham, merchant in Edinburgh 133, 6s. 8d; to Robert Graham, merchant there, 100, the whole debts amounting to 3620, 3s. 4d."

In 1657, Patrick and his wife had been living at their house in Freinwall Holme.

Why this will should have lain unconfirmed for eight years it is hard to say;  in the meantime Patrick has a second wife who holds a debt from his first wife Anna, of 666. Margaret Sinclair was of Meall or Graemeshall.

Patrick Grahame had spared no expense on the burial of his first spouse.

Next year, 1666, he gives sasine to John Smythe of Huiss of his isle on Holme, called Land Holme, and many others disponed principally by Mr Patrick Grahame with the provision that his son and heir James is to ratify the sasine on his attaining his majority.

Harie Grahame of Breckness and David Grahame, Chamberlain to Pt Smyth of Braco are among the witnesses.

In 1677 Mr Patrick obtains charter of the Iands of Bovisla dated August 1st.

An interesting record states that "Mr Patrick Grahame of Grameshall depairted this lyfe about the same tyme at night and wes interred in the tomb at the kerk at Holme, 21st Janry 1675."

This is the first and only mention of him in connection with Graemeshall I meet with; "about the same tyme" refers to the previous paragraph in the volume which relates to a death occurring at midnight.  Many of the marriages, deaths, etc. subsequently mentioned here are culled from Mr Francis Steuart's interesting work transcribing Mr Brown's diary found among the papers at Grameshall House.  Mr Brown is not likely to be wrong in his dates; the mention in the Great Seal Index of Mr Patrick's acquiring lands of Bovisla in 1677 is unexplained.  Later on we find entries regarding three of his six daughters; (of Barbara, Margaret, Catherine, there is nothing but silence).

Jean marries Mr David Craigie of Oversanday, who becomes Provost of Kirkwall (he was a brother of Hugh Craigie of Gairsay).  Their only daughter's marriage is entered thus:

"Fryday at 6 at night the first of Jany.  1686, William Rendall fiar of Breck wes contractit to Anna Craigie, onlie daughtr to David Craigie of Oversanday, Provest of Kirkwall."

Anna Grahame, Mr Patrick's fifth daughter, married "Munday, at night about 8 or yrby the 17th Decer. 1683.  Thomas Traill, eldest sone to daughters. James Traill of Westove, wes maried to Anna Grahame, daughter to Uqle Mr Patrick Grahame of Grahamshall, in St Magnus Kirk in Kirkwall."

Here we see the marriage was conducted according to the Episcopalian form, while her niece, Miss Craigie, was married in the Presbyterian manner;  the aunt and niece may have been near in age, but Mrs Traill must be at the date of her marriage at least twenty-eight years old.  Her husband died (owner of Westove in Burnes Sanday) on 25th October 1689.

Christane, the last and youngest daughter, died about "tua in the after-noon," 3rd March 1681; she was spouse to David Drummond, and was buried in St Magnus, Kirkwall, on Sunday 6th.  Burke's "Extinct Peerage" states that Isabel, daughter of Graeme of Graemeshall, married a Robert Stewart of Edinburgh, great-grandson of Stewart, Earl of Orkney.  All these were Mr Patrick's children by Miss Stewart, his first wife, who had died 1657, and who must also have been the mother of his heir.

I have no record of his second wife's family, but she survives him, for, "The xiiij day of Febrij 1681, Martt Sinclair, relict of Mr Patrick Grahame of Gramshall, depairted this lyfe."


succeeded his father as owner of Graemeshall, and in the appointment as Commissioner to levy supplies, is (in spite of the lands of Bovisla!) styled only Mr James Grame of Gramshall.

Mr James adopts the original spelling of the Montrose from which he is descended; these appointments continue up to 1698, but the spelling constantly varies!

Graemeshall or "Meall" as it was formerly called at a still earlier date, was owned in 1627 by W. Sinclair;  Patrick Smythe of Braco lived there, and may have added to or built the house;  its old doorway is at the present house of Graemeshall;  it is illustrated in Mr Craven's work, and bears the date 1626, and motto, " Pateas Amicis," which motto may have been placed there by either W. Sinclair or Mr P. Smythe.  I find no record of Graemeshall belonging to the Bishop.

In 1704 Mr James Graeme is still alive and a Commissioner.  His wife was the daughter of Sir William Murray, the first Baronet, eighth of Ochtertyre;  she was the widow of his first cousin, Mungo Graeme of Gorthie, who died in 1671, leaving her his widow, and mother of three children, when only twenty-nine years and eight months old!  Her son Mungo became of Gorthie.

We have no record of the date of her marriage with James Graeme of Graemeshall. 

 It may have been in the early seventies, but there is a list of their many children in a valuable and authentic MS. which is subjoined from Ochtertyre papers by kind permission of Sir Patrick Murray, Bart.

1.  Patrick Graham.

2.  George Graham, Doctor of Physic, married to Provost Davidson's fourth daughter, and dyed in Orkney in the year 1715.  (I find a retour, 28th March 1711, of James Graeme to his father, George Graeme, Doctor of Medicine, and again on 18th February 1725, Patrick Graeme of Graemeshall to his brother, George Graeme, Doctor of Medicine in Perth. L. G. G.

3.  William dyed in Darien.

4.  James, died in Orkney.

5.  Mungo, died on the coast of Guinea, Master of ane ship.

6.  John dyed at Borrowstoness.

7.  A daughter, d.s.p.

8.  Isobel married Robert Stewart of Edinburgh, heir male of the Stewarts, Earls of Orkney, "and left daughters behind them six"

9.  Joan, married Captain Archibald Drummond, d.s.p.

10.  Mary, married William Grahame, third son to Henrie Graham of Breckness, and had two sons and two daughters.

11.  Katherine, married Ninian Nevine (or Kevine) of Scowsborough in Shetland, "had only one daughter."

12.  Barbara, married to Magnus Mason, Merchant in Kirkwall, and has one son and one daughter.

13.  Margaret, married to Alex. "Mowad Admirall," and commission clerk for Orkney, has one boy and one girl.

A detailed and legal transaction of the following lies among the papers of the Grahams of Fintry.

At Fowlis on 17th January 1681, James Graeme of Graemeshall appears when Sir William Moray of Ochtertyre, with consent of his eldest son Patrick Moray gives and grants according to a paper signed by him, all moveable goods, gier, corn, cattle and horse to James Graeme, this ceremony is performed by Sir William, drawing some corn from a stack, and presenting it to the said James Graeme: probably this related to Mary Murray's dower;  it is the only paper in which I have met the Ochtertyre surname spelt like that of Abercairny.

Mr James Graeme and his wife were both alive in 1695; he appoints Mungo Graeme of Gorthie (his wife's only surviving son by her first marriage), to collect certain rents on the Barony of Gorthie due to "Mary Murray, Lady Gorthie, spouse to Mr James Graham."

Burke states that James Graeme died in 1716.

Mary Murray, his widow, lived to be eighty-two; she was the mother of sixteen children, and died at Orkney in April 1733.

The children of James Graeme and Mary Murray did not escape the "Darien fever." The MS. tells how William fell a victim to the climate (in company with his cousin of Inchbrakie).

The Graemes must have purchased or exchanged Rothiesholme for the house of plenty, as "Meall," the old name of Graemcshall, signified.  James Graeme after his father's death no longer held the lands of Rothiesholme; they are now owned by Mr Sutherland, whose family lived in Hoy, Orkney;  James Graeme died 11th June 1716 and was succeeded by his eldest son,


He was born subsequent to1671 and served heir to "his father James," 1716, heir special in tenandry of Graemeshall and in lands in Hembuster, etc. Patrick Graeme married Euphame Honeyman, widow of his cousin, Andrew Graham the third of Breckness. This lady's father was Robert Honeyman, first of Graemsay, grandson of Andrew Honeyman, Bishop of Orkney; the marriage occurred subsequent to 1721, when she had become relict to Andrew of Breckness.

In 1747 he applies for the Bailiery over the parishes of Holm and Paplay.  Until towards the middle of the seventeenth century Orkney was governed by heritable jurisdiction; this is altered by the annual appointment of Commissioner, and a tribute at the period of the alteration of the law is paid to Mr Patrick.

"No judges are appointed, but Orkney is governed by a Sheriff and his deputis who administer justice in all causes, although the late Sheriff Depute was a man of good reputation and behaviour and just in his office towards rich and poor; meek and humble, yet the offices of one good man together with a few others could not withstand an inundation of pretenders. . . . This man lived regarded and died regretted by all who rightly knew him; his name was Patrick Graeme, a native of his country."

A list is given of claimants upon the act for abolishing heritable jurisdiction with sums demanded (showing by figures how many jurisdictions each had) and sums paid by the Lords of Session.  Almost every Scottish Peer seems to have claimed, besides numbers of gentry.  Below are a few:

Name.             No. of  Jurisdiction.    Demanded.      Paid.    
Duke Montrose                     5          15,000          5578:18:4
Honeyman of Gremsay                        2500  
D. Smith of Methven                           1700              350:0:0 
Graham of Graemeshall                       1000    
Grahame of Breckness          2             1500   
Graham of Airth                                    500    
Campbell of Ardkinglass        3             3000   

It will be seen that many gentlemen out of Orkney held these hereditary rights and Government had to pay for the alteration in some cases, though not so heavily as the Sheriffs claimed.

Mr Patrick's tribute is the more valuable as Mr Eunson holds a poor opinion of the merits of the Orkney gentry!

When Mr Patrick died has not come under the author`s  notice; his widow's death occurred in 1763 on December 15th: "At Greenwall in Orkney, Mrs Euphame Honeyman, relict of Patrick Graeme of Graemeshall; Patrick Graeme and Euphame Honeyman had one son called Patrick the Mungo, and three daus. " Mary, the eldest, married Wlm. Honyman of Graemsay and has one boy called Patrick and two daus., Cecilia m. to Thomas Bakie, fiar of Bunness, and has two boys whose names are Thomas and Mungo."

It is to be regretted that here the Ochtertyre MS. ends as far as this branch is concerned, otherwise we should have had many other records of deaths, births and names.  Another of the daughters must have been named Margaret, as we shall find later on;  she married Hugh Sutherland, M.D. of Kirkwall; their grandson succeeded to the estate of Graemeshall
in 1818.


succeeded his father and married Miss Jean Chancellor of the family of Sheeldkill; he died in July at Graemeshall 1762, the year previous to his mother, and must have been laird for a very short time.  Jean Chancellor lived to see the death of her elder, and the safe return from sea of her sailor son.  Mungo and his wife had at least two children, both sons.  Patrick and Alexander, both were distinguished men.  The eldest was


I find him retoured heir to his father Mungo of Graemeshall, who died July 1762, heir special to the following lands: Island of Lambsholme, Bull of Skaill, Holmes, Graemeshall, Hensbuster, etc., Orkney, but not until 25th June 1799.  He succeeds to the estates in 1766; we find him referred to as ruling Elder Sheriff-Depute at the quarterly meeting of the General Assembly held in Edinburgh on August the 13th.  He was given commission with seven others for taking the proofs in a libel case between Mr Traill and Mr Lyell, ministers.  In 1767 he is again appointed Sheriff-depute; on April 24th, 1771, Miss Mary Graeme dies at Graemeshall;  this is probably a sister who has remained unmarried and kept house for her bachelor brother.  In 1775 the Graemes of Orkney are still Presbyterians loyally supporting King George in the action taken by the Government in the American War, in contradistinction to addresses calling in question that action; the Gazette becomes crowded with those who hold the view that the action taken against America is right.  Among these is Mr Patrick Graeme's name signing the address as Preces for the County, while a Mr Henry Graham signs as Moderator of the Presbytery of Irvine.

All these years in the 1644, 1690 and 1745, when their cousins in Perthshire both at Inchbrakie and Gorthie are out taking their share in one or other of the Troubles, peaceful Holm seems untouched by the terrors and the glories of those stirring years, and no sounds reach us of Graemeshall sharing in the wars.

Montrose indeed landed at Orkney and rendezvoused his army at Flotta, a small island, equally accessible from Stromness (where Breckness lay, who shared in the struggle) as from Graemeshall.  The last letter extant from him is dated just before he left Flotta for the mainland, and it is difficult to believe that those lairds who had the honour to count him cousin, did not pay some honour to their chief!  But of his stay in Orkney no record has been found.

What was done in the seventeenth century we may not discern, but now in this nineteenth century there hangs in an honoured place at the house of Graemeshall a sword of the great Marquis; the owner became possessed of it as follows:  it was given to him by Colonel Balfour of Balfour, who had obtained it years ago from Mr Deuchars who (on presenting it to the enthusiastic young antiquarian) mentioned that he (Mr Deuchars), considered it to be his most precious possession;  the papers which were with the sword stated Mr Deuchars obtained the sword direct from the hut or cottage in which Montrose was taken prisoner;  the sword in the hurry of removing Montrose was forgotten by the captors;  so Montrose's most honoured possession hangs where it will be reverenced!

Returning to Patrick Graeme, we have little to record beyond his death; like his cousin Mungo Graeme of Gorthie, he lived (at Graemeshall) and died unmarried, October 19th, 1786, when the estate passed to his brother, son of Mungo fourth and Jean Chancellor.


He succeeded his brother Patrick in 1786 while he was on half pay recruiting his strength after the loss of his arm in his engagement with the Dutch in 1781-82.

Captain Graeme had, like his young kinsman Laurence Graeme of Inchbrakie, shared in the glorious victories of Lord Rodney, but had fortunately (unlike Laurence) lived to recover from their effects.  Alexander lived to a good age, and had the honour to beth e friend of, and serve with, Lord Nelson.

The earliest record of Alexander Graeme's services commences with the rank of Lieutenant, on The Temple in December 1760; by 23rd February 1776 he is commissioned as Captain to the King Fisher and it was while on the Preston he was severely wounded, losing his arm at the action of Doggerbank, he went on half pay on 5th September 1781 for nearly fourteen years, and it was during this period that his elder brother died, and he succeeded to the family estate.

Once more bidding adieu to his aged mother, Miss Chancellor, a lady who was a well-known disciplinarian, Captain Alexander Graeme is commissioned on 14th January 1i95 to H.M. Glory,  but leaving it on February 13th he hurries to Edinburgh just in time to comfort the last few days of his mother's life with his presence, for on February 23rd, 1795, Mrs Graeme of Graemeshall dies.

Rear-Admiral on l0th June 1795 Vice-Admiral on 29th June 1799, Commander-in-Chief at Sheerness the latter year, and Admiral in April 1804, Alexander Graeme was a worthy scion of the race, though like many other heroes he died without a decoration!

In 1818, on the 5th of August, his life ends, and with it the line by the scabbard ceases at Graemeshall as it does at Gorthie and Orchill, and is carried on by the distaff.

The following extract from a search made among the nation's naval records is placed below:

Admiral Graeme's Services, 1762 - 1818

Ship.           Rank.            Date of Entry.          Date of Discharge. 
Temple       Lieutenant      17 Dec. 1760          16 March 1762
Aquillon             "             17 March 1762       18 Sept. 1763
Half-pay            "             19 Sept. 1763         18 Sept. 1764
Thunderer          "             19 Sept. 1764         11 March 1765
Half-pay            "             12 March 1765       31 March 1765
Superb              "              11April 1765          18 Oct. 1765
Egmont Snow    "             19 Oct. 1765           27 July 1770
Half-pay            "             28 July 1770            25 Jan. 1774
Preston              "             26 Jan. 1774             9 Sept. 1775
Viper                 "                        did not join
King Fisher   Captain       23 Feb. 1776          25 Jan. 1778
Sphynx              "             27 Dec. 1777         29 Nov. 1778
Diamond            "            30 Nov. 1778        10 Jan. 1779
Pearl                  "            11 Jan. 1779          13 July 1779
Tartar                "            14 July 1779           14 March 1781
Preston              "            15 Nov. 1781           5 Sept. 1781
Half-pay            "              6 Sept. 1781         13 Jan. 1795
Glory                 "            14 Jan. 1795           13 Feb. 1795
Half-pay       Rear-Adm. 10 June 1795          13 Feb. 1799
Half-pay       Vice-Adm.  29 June 1799          29 June 1799
Commander-     "             30 June 1799         11July 1802 
in-Chief   (Commander-in-Chief at Sheerness, the Nore).
Half-pay            "             12 July 1802           22 April 1804
Half-pay       Admiral       23 April 1804           5 August 1818 .  Dead.

The following exttract may fitly close this scanty tribute to his services.  On the 27th July 1801 Nelson's flag was flying on board the Unite frigate at Sheerness.  He wrote under the date humorously to his dearest "Emma."  "To-day I dined with Admiral Graeme, who has also lost his right arm, and as the Commander of the troops has lost his leg, I expect we shall be caricatured as the lame defenders of England!"

Admiral Graeme (like his brother Patrick) died without leaving heirs male;  the estates devolved upon Mr Alexander Sutherland of Granwall, Jamaica, the grandson of his aunt Margaret, daughter of Patrick third of Graemeshall, and Euphame Honeyman his wife.

Mungo the fourth Laird of Graemeshall had, it will be remembered, three sisters. Margaret married Hugh Sutherland, M.D., of Kirkwall, and their son William Sutherland married Henrietta Fea, daughter of James Fea of Clestrane, Orkney;  the Feas of Clestrane had held their land for over two centuries in that island.  James Fea was descended of the Feas of Clestrane who captured the pirate John Gow, he lured him into the old house of Carrick in Eday and this fact is the foundation of Sir Walter Scott's story of the "Pirate."

By 1806 Mrs Sutherland left Jamaica for England; her son was born in London and cost his mother her life, while the father died the same year in Jamaica and never saw his wife again, or their son and heir.

Mr William Sutherland had two surviving daughters.  The eldest married Mr Linley, the younger Henrietta became Mrs Bloxsome; her husband was the son of a well-known lawyer in Gloucestershire who had the management of several large estates. Young Mr and Mrs Bloxsome went out to Australia where he made a large fortune and was owner of great tracts of country; they had an only son who married twice and has issue.

The little orphaned son born in 1806 assumed the name of Graeme in addition to Sutherland and became


He succeeded his old cousin the Admiral when but twelve years old, and grew up to be an honoured member of society and to have devoted friends.

When reading with Mr Malcolm (of the Burnside family) at Moreton in the Marsh, Alexander Sutherland-Graeme had a severe fall from his horse which necessitated his abandoning the intention of his guardians (Mr Laing Meason of Lindertes and John Irvine, J.P.) that he should enter the Life Guards. Alexander Graeme however continued to enjoy life with all the ardour of a young man of spirit.  The ball he gave in Edinburgh when he was nineteen years of age was remembered long after the middle of the century.  The young heir of Graemeshall knew how to play the host when he knocked two houses in Charlotte Square into one, and gave an entertainment the success of which made Edinburgh ring.  Years after his only son, on visiting the Modern Athens, was greeted with warmth as the representative of the host of that entertainment.  Three years after thus entertaining his friends Alexander Graeme settled down as a benedict; he married in 1828 Mary Ann, daughter of Mr Robert Graham of Cossington, Somerset.

The Grahams of Kinross and Cossington are descended from the Montrose through the House of Callendar; the first Graeme of Callendar was George Grame, second son of William, second Lord Grame of Kincardine fourteenth in line; and Lady Anne Douglas, daughter of the Earl of Angus.

Mr Robert Graham was judge in Joanpor, H.E.I.C. Service, and married Sarah Paul (heiress of Cossington, Somerset, through her cousin the Rev. Thomas Hobbs).  Their children were George Semple Graham of Cossington, who has issue;  Elizabeth, married E. Barnard Lennard, Esq.;  William, Colonel in Bombay Fusiliers, married Susan, daughter of General Sir Thomas Downman, G.C.B., and has issue;  Amelia, married William Dowdeswell of Pull Court, Esq., and has issue;  Mr Robert Graham and Miss Paul's eldest daughter Marianne married Alexander Sutherland-Graeme of Graemeshall, the subject of this sketch, descended from William, first Earl of Montrose, elder brother to George Grame of Callendar.

About the year 1850 there commenced a strong friendship between Mr Sutherland-Graeme and the late Bishop Woodford of Ely, and Archdeacon Denison, and he became a strong Churchman.  A Conservative of the old school, Mr Sutherland-Graeme took a keen and active interest in politics, and the last real bit of political happiness he had was immediately preceding his death when he received the news of the Forfarshire election in 1894.

Mr Sutherland-Graeme lost his wife in 1877 but lived for many years after, his health however obliging him to reside at St Leonards where he enjoyed the society of a large circle of friends.

On 29th November 1894 Mr Alexander Sutherland-Graeme passed peacefully to rest and the world was the poorer for the loss of so upright a gentleman.

An only son and daughter were the result of his marriage with Miss Marianne Graham; the daughter, Henrietta, predeceased her parents in 1869; she was unmarried.


succeeded to his father in 1894;  he served for seven years in the Royal Navy and married on the 27th January 1874 Margaret Isabella, daughter of the Rev. Mason John Neale, D.D., Warden of Sackville College, East Grinstead, author of "A History of the Greek Church," and other learned works.  Dr Neale won the Seatonian prize poem ten times with eleven poems, the odd one he sent in under cover with a different motto gaining the prize with one and an honorarium of 20 for the other, an almost unequalled performance. This very talented gentleman knew seventeen languages; and his maternal grandfather, Doctor Good, who wrote a commentary of the Psalms, knew eighteen.

Mrs Sutherland-Graeme's mother, Mrs Neale, was a Webster, and aunt to the present Lord Chief Justice; Scott the commentator and Sir Gilbert Scott, the celebrated architect, were all of the same family as the late Mrs Neale.

Mr and Mrs Sutherland-Graeme have four sons and an only daughter.

I.  Patrick Neale, born 7th March 1877, educated at Malvern College and Pembroke College, Cambridge, B.A., C.H.

Mr Patrick Sutherland-Graeme at present holds the appointment of private secretary to the Lord Chief Justice of England, and was called to the Bar in June 1903.  In 1898 great rejoicings took place in the parishes of Holme and St O1a in Orkney when he attained his twenty-first year.  An illuminated address accompanied the presentation of a gold watch, the former being signed in the name of the tenantry by Messrs William Shearer, David Heddle and Peter Shearer, on which occasion Mr A. Malcolm Sutherland-Graeme of Graemeshall entertained the tenantry, over a hundred in number, and many other friends to a dinner in the Drill Hall, St Mary's, when the young laird made a speech which promised well for his talents in the future.

On the 11th of June 1903 his marriage to Bethea Hamilton, daughter of the late Alexander Maclean, Esq., and Mrs Kaye-Smith, Battle Lodge, was solemnised at St John's Church, St Leonards.  The ceremony was performed by the Rector of Upper St Leonards, the Rev. Canon Jones, and by the Rev. Kenneth Sutherland-Graeme, brother of the bridegroom.

II.  Kenneth Malcolm, born October 7th, 1878, M.A., Edinburgh.  Deacons' orders, Trinity Sunday, 1902, at Bristol Cathedral.  Priests' orders, 1903.

III. Alexander William, born 15th October 1882, educated at Malvern College. Civil engineer.

IV.  Alan Vincent, born 10th April 1888, educated at Cargillfield, Edinburgh; and at Trinity College, Glenalmond.  A promising violinist.

V.  Florence Margaret.  Married, 1903, Bernard Middleditch, Esq., B.A., Malvern College; elected Science Master at Harrow 1903.

For many years previous to his f'ather's death, Mr A. M. Sutherland-Graeme lived at Graemeshall, Orkney; since that event he entirely resides there, and the house has been restored by his care on the old lines with some additions, notably that of a private chapel dedicated to SS. Margaret of Antioch and of Scotland, by the Bishop of Edinburgh.  In this chapel is now preserved the ancient Celtic Cross which was taken from the "Auld Kirk."  This cross, over a thousand years old, was discovered by Mr Sutherland-Graeme in a coal-hole; though decayed, the carving of the runic knots is quite traceable.


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