GRAEME OF GARVOCK
FROM SIR WILLIAM GRAME
EARL OF MONTROSEBY HIS SECOND WIFELADY MARY STEWART,
KING ROBERT III OF
Graemes of Garvock come of royal blood and bear on their coat of arms the double tressure as the proof. Their founder,
William, was 5th son of Sir William Grame of Kincardine, 12th in
line, who married for his second wife the Lady Mary Stewart, daughter of King Robert III, and widow of George, first Earl
of Angus; also widow of Sir James Kennedy of Dunure; she had been twice widowed when she married Sir William as her third
husband, and at his death she married for the fourth time Sir William Edmonstone of Duntreath.
to obtain access to the family papers of the House of Garvock, little can be mentioned beyond that already known in Burke’s
Peerage and Landed Gentry; some stray records have been found and are inserted.
these lands for faithfully services to his uncle King James I. Of Scotland; he was a soldier and Garvock was confirmed to
him in a charter, 1473; he lived to a great age, and dying 1502 was succeeded by his son,
This Mathew who appears
to have been an elderly man at his father’s death lived but a few years and was succeeded by his son,
THIRD OF GARVOCK
out under King James’ standard (who was his kinsman as well as king); he fought and died on Flodden Field with almost
every relation that he had in 1513, including his chief and second cousin the first Earl of Montrose; his son,
probably a minor when he succeeded to the estates in 1513. This John Graeme is mentioned in a document called a letter by
Queen Mary, dated 15th March 1553. It grants to John, Archbishop of St Andrews, certain fines;
among these is "John Graham of Garnock was adiujit for nonentre of James Edmenston father bruther to William Edmenston of
Duntreith 16th June the yier of God (15) xiv yeiris for the slaughter of James Stewart of Beith
and multilation of Wm.Stewart his brother."
Here had been
a fray indeed, and Garvock is fined for nonentre, not appearing as a witness.
It will be remembered
that the royal mother of the first Garvock had married for her second husband Edmonstone of Duntreath; thus the Graemes of
Garvock and the Edmonstones became half-blood, and the kinship was again augmented by the second Earl of Montrose marrying
a daughter of the House of Duntreith.
John Graeme was twice married: first to Mirabell, daughter of John Whyt of Lumbany, and second
in 1545 to Katherine, daughter of Arnot or Arnot.
We are not told
which of these ladies was the mother of his children but he had two sons; it may be that each bore him one; they were:
1. James Graeme
John Graeme, the founder of the Graemes of Balgowan. John was succeeded by his elder son,
GRAEMEFIFTH OF GARVOCK
married Janet, daughter of Bonar of Kelty, a small property lying on the Ochills adjacent to Garvock, the marriage took place
in 1571 and there was issue:
who married and had a daughter named Elizabeth; she married in Auchterarder, Thomas, second son of Colin Drummond (and Christian
Kippen) fifth laird of Pitkellony; Elizabeth Graeme of Garvock and her husband Thomas Drummond left a son David Drummond.
fifth of Garvock, was succeeded by his eldest son,
SIXTH OF GARVOCK
in 1606 Elizabeth, a daughter of Lawrence Oliphant of Forgandenny; the author has not learned which family of Oliphants Forgandenny
belonged to; in 1601 Condie had just been purchased from Colville of Condie by "Lawrence Oliphant sone lawful to the Umquhill
Lawrence Oliphant some tyme of Newton." In one of the deeds consequent on this sale and the marriage of Colville’s widow,
there are, in 1606, a number of witnesses, amongst them are Bonar of Kelty, Wm. Graham of Garvock (a brother of the sixth
laird?) also Ninian Graham of Garvock himself. Ninian Graeme’s will is in the Register, Edinburgh; he died February
1654, his "executor is ………? Livingston," the will is short, no relations are mentioned. He was succeeded
by his son,
He married Agnes,
the fifth child of George Drummond, sixth of Balloch by his first wife the Honourable Agens Napier, sister to Lord Napier
of Merchiston. Agnes Drummond’s father afterwards married Margaret Graeme, daughter of the Bishop of Dunblane and Orkney
and had issue.
Laird of Garvock and his wife Agnes Drummond were married in 1638. He was succeeded by his son,
He married Ann,
daughter of John Stewart of Arntullie and Cardneys in 1678. In 1677 he was served heir to John Graeme of Balgowan. Garvock
at this date considered he was heir male "filii fratri proavi" to John, second of Balgowan, who settled the estates of Balgowan
on an only son of his, a good deal of irritation to Garvock was caused by this act, and there are memorandums in the Inchbrakie
papers stating that the John Graeme of Balgowan (to whom James the 8th of Garvock had himself
served heir) was son of the brother of the fourth of Garvock, and the opinion of a lawyer as to whether John Graeme of Balgowan
could dispose of his estates at will was obtained; it is not stated why, but the action was never brought, possibly because
Balgowan possessed the greater part of his land by purchase not by entail and chould will it as he chose.
daughter of James, 8th laird, married John Drummond, first Laird of Kelty; he succeeded his
uncle and father, both were ministers of Monzie; he purchased the estate at Kelty (presumably from the Bonars) in 1692 and
married Margaret Graeme of Garvock (29the April 1702); the marriage contract gives her a sasine on Kelty. They had a family
of three sons and six daughters; their grandson, 3rd Laird of Kelty married Euphemia Aytoun
of Inchdairine and Lady Rollo, wife of the 7th Lord Rollo.
The third Laird
of Kelty and Euphame Aytoun had a family of then children: 4 sons d.s.p and the remaining three were all distinguished
for their gallantry, especially William, the 6th son, who obtained a sword of honour from the
underwriters at Lloyds, for the gallantry with which he incited the defence against two French privateers of the M.S. Fortitude
off Barbadoes, 1804. He married 1806, Sussana Catherina Wohlfart, relict of Mr Bogle Surinam.
The fourth Laird
of Kelty held appointment of Surgeon-in-Chief at Bombay; was a literary man, and left a daughter Catherine, died unmarried.
James 8th of Garvock, was succeeded by his son,
NINTH OF GARVOCK
This laird married Amelia Moray (she was the daughter of Sir Robert Moray of Abercairny and Annas
Graeme his wife, the daughter of Black Pate of Inchbrakie) by her he had:
This James married
again a second time in 1720, Bettie Bell, sister of Charles Bell of Craigfoodie; by her he has no issue, and was succeeded
by the youngest and only surviving son of his marriage with Amelia Moray of Abercairney.
An old story
runs that Balgowan sent a message over to Garvock stating that Inchbrakie, Balgowan and Garvock spelling alike with the diphthong
caused confusion in letters, etc., and suggested Garvock using the h. The request may have been made in all innocence, but
a short and very convincing negative was sent over the Strath to Balgowan!
of Annas Graeme and great grandson of Black Pate was an out and out Jacobite; he went out in the 1745, and the "Jacobite Lairds
of Gask" tell us how staunch he was in the service of Charles Edward. Gask, the old Jacobite laird, gave Robert Graeme his
sister Catherine in marriage in 1736.
Robert did not
go South with the Gasks but we find his name in the list of the Perthshire Squadron as drawn up by Oliphant on 7th
February 1745, and in the early summer of that year when Culloden had been fought and lost, a little ship laden with
the "servants of the king" sailed forth to Sweden bearing on its decks Robert Graeme of Garvock as "Glaud", the Gasks older
and younger as Mr "Whyt" and "Brown" with Murrays and Drummonds, who were not to see their homes again for a score of years.
In 1750 Robert
Graeme goes to Boulogne and meets Mrs Oliphant of Gask who is arriving from a visit to her daughter, Leddy Inchbrakie, and
escorts the lady to Paris.
1753 saw Robert
of Garvock back in Scotland, he arrived at his own home Garvock, which was held by his son James, who did not "go out" and
was in peaceful possession of the estates.
was however soon discovered by the officers of the English Government, a hundred men were sent to take him and he was apprehended
and placed in the Tolbooth at Perth. He had claimed his privilege as a French officer but to no purpose; and was detained
there for two years, being permitted from time to time to walk on the "Inch" at Perth with a guard.
Jacobite Laird of Gask writes, still an exile, to his young wife at Gask in 1762; he sends remembrances to all "ould friends",
and says "Black Pate and Glaud will never be fort" again, "I am sorry to hear Glaud’s wife is so tender," and reverts
to the family of "men and women" who have grown up at Garvock during the 17 years since he left Perthshire.
Gask’s Journal in France for the first 8 years Glaud’s name appears, and those interested in him should read that
romantic story.(Jacobite Lairds of Gask" T.Laurence Kington Oliphant, Grampian Club.)
Robert Graeme (Glaud) and his wife, Miss Catherine Oliphant of Gask had a family of six
afterwards 11th laird
In only three instances do we know of their descendants, Lawrence,
Robert and Mararet.
the tenth laird, and Catherine Oliphant of Gask, his wife, married; some interesting facts of his daughter
and her descendants follow:
Eliza Graeme, grand-daughter of "Glaud," the tenth (and Jacobite) Laird of Garvock, married Captain John
Weeks of the Royal Navy previous to 1811. There is a long letter from Eliza Graeme's uncle (James Graeme, then eleventh of
Garvock) to her father, Lawrence Graeme, his second brother; it gives much insight into the family history.
"To Lawrence Graeme, 93 High Street, Chatham.
From James Graeme of Garvock, James Court,
Edinburgh, 15th May 1811.
"My dear brother,
In answer to your letter of the 6th inst. I have to observe that I believe none of the heirs of entail
will object to General Graeme's proposal of applying to Parliament for an act enabling him to sell part of the lands of Williamstoun
and Sunnyside in lieu of parts of the lands and estate of Ardillia, and others lately purchased by him from Robert Smith of
Methven, and to be entailed on the same series of heirs and under the same bond iliens of provisions as the lands of Williamstoun,
Sunnyside, which he proposes to sell.
Mr Graeme's reason in wishing this exchange is on account of these lands he has purchased lying more
convenient for extending his policy than those he proposes to sell in lieu of them, and I suppose none of the heirs of entail
I am happy to hear of your son-in-law's promotion, I esteem his situation better than if he were in
a larger ship, as he would have a better chance for Prises were the Enemy carrying on any trade which they at present can
only do in the coasting way.
I beg to be remembered to him when you write, as also to Mrs Graeme and daughter. I hope you have
enjoyed tolerable good health since I heard from you. My son Robert has got a large family, five daughters and two sons,
James and William. I have resided here for several years finding the air agree better with me here than in the country,
so when you have occasion to write me you will please address me in James' Court, Lawnmarket, Edinburgh.
Your letter of the 6th having gone first to Garvock did not reach me until the 14th which is the cause
of your not having an answer sooner. All our friends in the country were well a few days ago to whom I shall remember
you when I write.
Mrs Graeme joins my best wishes to you and yours who ever am your most affectionate brother, James Graeme.?
"Brother Robert is still at Montrose but has not yet learned economy. I have been sadly embarrassed
of late getting his affairs wound up... Immediately on the back of this he sent his son over here ... with a view of
making application to the Commander-in-Chief, . . . Lord Cathcart, he got a promise of an Ensignsay, but six or seven months
having elapsed, he living here with me all the while and not knowing how much longer he might remain idle in that situation,
I equipt him and paid his passage out for Jamaica with recommendations to two different gentlemen who would have given him
immediate employ. . . . So you see, first and last, I have my own troubles with him and his son; but I am resolved to do no
more for him happen what will, it would be doing injustice to my own family."
Lawrence Graeme, younger of Garvock, remembered well the arrest of his father the tenth Iaird on his return
from France in 1753; he was a young lad at the time and when the troops entered the room where he was, seeing that he did
not remove his bonnet to the English King's officers, one of them made a lunge at it with his bayonet, preparatory to throwing
it out of the window!
Lawrence Graeme died at Chatham of pneumonia; his wife survived him; with them resided their daughter Eliza
with her family, during the frequent absence of her husband entailed by his (sailor's) profession. Captain and Mrs Weeks
had seven children. Their only son Edward Brenton died in infancy.
I. Eliza Catherine, born 1809, married John Ishell Warden Roberts, surgeon in the Royal Navy and has
1. Warden H. E. W. Roberts, born 1842, Assistant Paymaster, R.N., married Diana E. Thomdike, third daughter
of Lieut. Charles Thorndike, R.N., and had two children.
(2) Howard Campbell, R.N.R.
2. Lawrence Graeme Allan Roberts, born 1844, Commander R.N. (retired); Priest in Holy Orders, Rector
of Lillington, Sherborne, Dorset; married firstly, Miss Isabella Thorndike, eldest daughter of Lieut. Charles Thorndike, R.N.
(decs.) they had three children.
(1) Isabella Graeme Roberts.
(2) Georgina Graeme Roberts, married the Rev. Achilles Daunt, M.A.
Lawrence Graeme Roberts. The Rev. L. G. A. Roberts has married secondly Miss Constantia Zoe Paterson, daughter of Rev.
Wm. Paterson, and has a daughter.
(4) Zoe Constantia Graeme.
3. Charles Fitzgerald Roberts, born 1845, married at Monte Video, both deceased. No issue.
4. Arthur Edward Simmonds Roberts, born 1848, married firstly Miss Ella Betton Bright (decs.) has
(1) Catherine de Ferrieres.
(2) Daisy A. Latour.
(3) Charles Betton.
(4) Cyril Graeme.
(6) Constance Ella.
(8) Ethel Eliza.
Mr Arthur E. S. Roberts married secondly Miss Margaret Sutcliffe, by whom he has three more children.
II. Jane (deceased).
III. Laura (deceased).
IV. Emily, married William C. Van Goethem, widower, and had two daughters.
(1) Constance (decs.).
(2) Emily, married Rev. Henri Merle d'Aubugne and has issue.
V. Sophie, married Ernest Cherot, Esq., has issue.
(1) Alice, married to Mr William Van Goethem, son of William C. Van Goethem above, by his first wife, and
(2) Maxime, married Ida Labourette and has issue.
(3) Albert, married Alice Wilson.
(4) Ernest, married
Marguerite Herbert and has issue.
VI. Olivia, married Charles Liosel.
VII. Sarah, married Charles de Larabrie and had three sons and two daughters.
(2) Georges, married Suzanne Forcade and has issue.
(4) Edward, married
(5) Alice, married to her cousin Leon Van Goethem.
We return to Robert the fourth son of the tenth laird, his father's namesake; it will be remembered that
he is spoken of in his brother James' letter to Lawrence Graeme (Mrs Weeks' father) as having been in money difficulties.
It was his son whom his brother James (eleventh of Garvock) had despatched to the West Indies.
The Garvock Graemes had in the two succeeding generations evidently some interest in the West Indies, as
in 1746 Thomas Graham, Esq., is granted the office of receiver of the several duties payable in Jamaica.
1764, at Barbadoes, Colonel Graham, one of the Commissioners for selling the ceded islands. 1785,
at Edinburgh, the death of Duncan Graham late of Jamaica is announced.
Robert Graeme of Garvock the tenth laird died on the 5th of May 1797.
His will is dated 7th March 1780, and has little of interest in it beyond that it confirms the names of
his various children, to all of whom he is leaving small sums of ready money it mentions that Catherine Oliphant his wife
is dead. A codicil dated 1788 shows his daughter Margaret to he still unmarried; he was succeeded by his son,
ELEVENTH OF GARVOCK.
Born 9th March 1737. He married in 1764 Mary, daughter of the Rev. Henry Nisbet of the family of Dean
and had issue; he married secondly, Mary, daughter of Captain Robertson; the former died in February 1802, the latter d.s.p.
It is this Mr James Graeme who wrote the interesting letter to his brother Lawrence (on a former page) and
who was so worried over his brother Robert's affairs; Mr Graeme of Garvock mentions in it that he is living in Edinburgh finding
it suits him better and the old house at Garvock is given up to his son Robert, whose flock of seven children must be filling
The eleventh laird dies the year following that in which he wrote Lawrence Graeme (1812), and is succeeded
by his only son.
He was born
in 1766 and was 47 years old when he succeeded to the family estates, which however had been his de facto for some years;
in 1802 he had married Miss Aytoun, a granddaughter of Roger the 7th Laird of Inchdairine;
this Roger Aytoun had married Euphemia, daughter of Sir J. Ramsey of Whitehill; they had two sons; John the eldest, married
a daughter of the 4th Lord Rollo and their son Major General Roger Aytoun married a daughter
of Sinclair, a cadet of the Earls of Orkney and carried on the line of Inchdairine.
Aytoun the second son the the 7th Laird of Inchdairine had married Isobel, daughter of Lt.
Colonel Patrick Edmonstoune of Ednam and had 3 children; his eldest son Roger married Joan Kier (a cousin of Sir Walter Scott)
and they were the father and mother of the famous Professor Aytoun and his sisters Isabella and Margaret; Miss Kier gave to
her children the ring of romance which she brought from the Scott family; her son’s ballads will never die as long as
Scottish hearts beat, "The Execution of Montrose" and the "Burial March of Dundee" will find a place with Burns and Scott
on their bookshelves. At Mrs Aytoun's house used to assemble a brilliant coterie, all the wit and intellect which Edinburgh
knows so well how to gather flashed and sparkled there, enhanced by her son's ever welcome presence and the charm of his sister's
It was William
Aytoun’s daughter Jane Ann, aunt to the Professor and granddaughter of the 7th laird
of Inchdairine who married Robert Graeme, afterwards 12th Laird of Garvock; and in 1803 on
July 23rd, we find James his son and heir is born, and between that year and 1811, seven babies
have tumbled into Garvock one after the other and yet another making 8 in all.
Robert Graeme succeeded his father and became 12th Laird; he appears to have gone out to the
West Indies; perhaps his cousin, the young lad whom Robert’s father would not allow to hang about in Edinburgh waiting
for his commission is doing well – any way Robert goes to see for himself, and returns from the West Indies in July
The following spring his uncle Lawrence dies; Robert
is informed of the event by Captain Weeks, R.N., who is the husband of Lawrence's only daughter, and Robert writes the following
Letter from Robert Graeme of Garvock dated at that Place. 27th Feb. 1814.
Written to T. Weeks, Esquire, 90 High Street, Chatham.
Franked R 3, March 3 1814.
My dear Sir,
I received your letter of 18 Feb. announcing the death of my worthy uncle upon 26 Dec. last of an inflamation
in his lungs, the effect of a violent cold; yesterday which is the first notice I have received of that melanchily event,
so deeply afflicting to all his relations; it is how-ever consoling that he was a worthy and good man which affords us the
greatest of all comfort when we reflect of our friends that have gone to a happier world, give my kindest condolence to Mrs
Graeme, Mrs Weeks, and the rest of the family, and I remain,
My dear Sir,
Yours sincerely and affecly.,
P.S. I returned from Jamaica in July last.
Mr Robert Graeme's children by his wife Miss Aytoun were:
I. Robert, who succeeded.
II. William, born 1806, died when fourteen.
III. Robert Graeme of Wellhall, Co. Lanark, Commissioner of supply; he was born in 1811, and married in
1843, Anne, third daughter of Patrick Seton, Esq., of Preston, Co. Linlithgow. Her brother succeeded to the estate and
that of Ekolsund in Sweden; his son, Mr Seton of Ekolsund settled in Sweden, and marrying a lady of that country holds an
appointment to the King of Sweden, and has several children. Mr Robert Graerne and Miss Seton, his wife, had a son and
1. Mr Robert Seton Graeme who is unmarried was at Trinity College, Oxford, and was called to the Bar.
2. Agnes Frances Anne, married (1871) Captain G. C. Higgins of the 13th Hussars, and they have three sons
and five daughters ;
(a) Charles Graeme, born 1879 in 1st Oxfordshire Light Infantry;
(b) Robert Seton Graeme, born 1882
in 3rd Oxfordshire Light Infantry;
(c) Cecil Graeme, born 1887.
Mabel Florence Aimee, married 1896, Andrew Cassels Kay, the son of Henry Cassels Kay and Jane Anne Aytoun,
his wife; it will be remembered that a Miss Jane Anne Aytoun had married the seventh Laird of Garvock, her brother, James
Aytoun, grandson of the seventh Laird Aytoun of Inchdairine had, like his elder brother Roger, three children. The eldest
son, Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Aytoun, R.A., has not married; the second son, John, married twice, and has several sons and
daughters; the third child, and only daughter, was like her aunt, Mrs Graeme of Garvock called Jane Anne, and is the mother
of Andrew Cassels Kay who married Mabel, daughter of Miss Graeme of Wellhall and her husband, Captain Higgins.
Mr and Mrs Andrew Cassels Kay have Henry Graeme Aytoun, born 1897, and Alison Mary Lilias.
Captain and Mrs Higgins have four other daughters: Constance, Agnes, Maud, and Enid; Agnes married in 1902
Norman B. Dickson, Esq. Mrs Robert Graeme's memory will for ever remain fresh with those who had the privilege of knowing
her; her sparkling wit and charm of manner endeared her to all, and one could have no greater pleasure than to visit her at
the charming home at Well-hall, where her friends ever received the kindest of welcomes; she survived her husband for many
IV. Isabella Edmonstone died unmarried 1807.
V. Mary, married 1830 to Angus Turner, Esq., J.P., for the counties of Lanark and Perth; Mr Turner for many
years rented Pitcairns (the old home of the Graemes of Monzie, Pitcairns and Orchill), one of the most hospitable houses in
Perthshire, he was the first to open his doors to the future Laird of Gask, when as T. L. Kington, he came down to fight the
seven years' lawsuit for his own estates, Mr and Mrs Turner's example was quickly followed and "Gask" was warmly welcomed.
Pitcairns, which was purchased by Lord Rollo early in the nineteenth century, was near to Mary Turner's
old home of Garvock, and later on Mr Turner purchased the estate of Kippen from his wife's nephew, the late Robert Graeme
of Garvock (in addition to the shootings of Glentyre which he had held for some time), on which he built a handsome mansion
and greatly improved the demesne.
Mr and Mrs Turner had the sorrow to lose their sons in their early childhood. Two daughters survived:
I. Jane Anne Aytoun, married in September 1857, Redmond Rideout Bewley Caton of the 1st Royals, only son
of Richard Redmond Caton of Binbrook and Bishop Norton, County Lincoln. Lieutenant Caton had been wounded severely in
the Crimea and never recovered the exposure of that campaign; he died in the year 1859, leaving an only son:
Redmond Bewley Caton, priest in holy orders; educated at Harrow; Exeter College, Oxford, M.A., Rector of
Great Fakenham, Suffolk; he married his cousin Louisa Laura Warrand, daughter of the late Colonel Warrand of Bught, Inverness,
- Richard Bewley, born 21st Feb. 1886, educated at Harrow.
- Margaret Hawkesmore.
II. Mary Helena de Jersey, married first, Captain Luke Edward O'Connor of H.M. 76th Regiment, son
of General Luke Smythe O'Connor, Commander of the Forces in Jamaica; secondly, Samuel Spofforth, Esq., of the Yorkshire family
of that name.
Mr Turner died in 1882, his wife Mary Graeme dying on 9th Sept. 1896, when Mrs Caton and Mrs Spofforth inherited
as co-heiresses the estates of Kippen and Glentyre; these were sold in 1896 to John Wilson, Esq., M.P., of Aidrie House.
Jane Anne; Janet Rollo and Catherine Oliphant; the twelfth laird's remaining children, died unmarried.
Robert Graeme died in March 1846 and was succeeded by his son.
LAIRD OF GARVOCK
He married in
June 1837, Helena, only child of Charles de Jersey of Grange Lodge, Guernsey, H.M’s Attorney General for that Island.
de Graeme born 1841
de Jersey born 1842,married Ms Seton (she died in 1903)
Major of Royal Artillery, married Florence Bell, and had 2 sons: James Archibald; Ninian
married Count E. de Lamothe, Sarlat, Dordoyne d.s.p.
Anne Jessie, married Ed Lindsay Ward, Assistant Commissary General had 2 daughters:Helena Elizabeth; Married Capt.F.W.Dent and Henrietta Louisa;
Helena Caroline de Jersey married Captain Edward Thorpe Madras Native Infantry; had 2 sons: Ivan de Jersey, Capt.Bedfordshire Regiment; and Llewlyn, Lieutenant R.A.M.C.
Matilda, died 1864
Agnes Rollo, married Lt.Col.T.P.Powell, 83rd Regiment.
Charlotte Elizabeth Hay, married Francis P. Hutchesson Esq.,issue: Amy,Mabel,Thomas,Charles, Violet,Lillah, James
Mr Graeme died
in 1859, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
LAIRD OF GARVOCK
He died May
1902, unmarried in Ross shire, and is succeeded by his second brother,
LAIRD OF GARVOCK
This line is,
with the exception of Inchbrakie and Fintry, one of the few who have continued the descent from father to son from the parent
stem of Montrose.
The House of
Garvock stands on the Nor’eastern side of the Orchills and was visited by Prince Charles Edward during his stay in Perthshire.